Ankle Sprains – What You Should Know
Although it is nothing to be alarmed about, most people are likely to experience at least one twisted ankle in their lifetime. The only thing to watch out for is that if the injured ankle becomes painful or swollen, you may have a sprain. Ankle sprains are a common injury, but they are by no means minor. Some people can suffer from multiple sprains and develop long-term problems. It is best to see a foot specialist in Calgary if you have an ankle sprain to ensure you get timely and proper treatment. When looked at by a foot doctor, you should be able to avoid long-term issues with your ankle.
What Causes Ankle Sprains?
Sprains are not just for athletes; they can happen to anyone at any age. There are three main types of ankle sprains:
- Inversion – This is when the ankle rolls outward while the foot turns inward. This stretches and tears the ligaments on the outside of the ankle.
- Eversion – This is much less common and involves the ankle rolling inward while the foot rolls outward – tearing the ligaments inside the ankle.
- High ankle sprain – This is the least common type and involves a force that pushes the foot to rotate outward while planted.
Most patients know they have a sprain because they will feel pain immediately after twisting their ankle. Swelling, bruising and sensitivity are also signs you may have a sprained ankle and you should not wait to see a foot doctor in Calgary.
Treating an Ankle Sprain
The best way to treat an ankle sprain is using the RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation). Taking over-the-counter pain relievers can help reduce the pain and swelling as well.
You should treat and rest your ankle for the first 48 to 72 hours depending on the severity of the injury. Recovery can also depend on how badly the ankle was twisted, but by seeing a professional, you will not for sure how long you need to rest it.
If you notice chronic instability, pain, or your ankle sprain will not heal with the RICE treatment, you should see a specialist for rehabilitation or repair of the ligaments and tendons that are possibly torn or badly damaged.